Wealth is defined as valuable financial or physical assets that can be turned into a form that may be utilised for transactions. Wealth comprises things that individuals or firms or nations possess and have value or create value in the future. Owners can also use wealth to meet future expenses.
Wealth must have the ability to fulfil needs and provide utility, thus making them desirable. Wealth, like every other resource, is characterised by scarcity- they are not free goods provided by nature like air and sunlight. Wealth in any form must be transferable, i.e. its ownership can be changed. Wealth must be definable in money value terms and thus must be quantifiable and measurable.
Wealth includes properties or assets or infrastructure that create value- these are called capital. Money, too, is a form of wealth- the store of value function of money. Precious metals like gold also are wealth. Financial assets like equity and bond also comprise the wealth of an entity. Even intangible assets may be held as wealth- for example, copyrights and patents. Buildings, vehicles, ornaments, real estate are all examples of wealth.
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Wealth creation is the process of investing in various asset types to meet critical future demands. Individuals can generate wealth in a variety of ways. Entities can generate alternate streams of income by investing in good assets.
Any financial decision is said to generate wealth if the present value of future cash flows relevant to that decision exceeds the costs paid to carry out that activity. The present value of all future cash flows minus the cost/investment equals the increase in wealth. In essence, it is a financial decision's net present value (NPV). As part of retirement plans, many times, people try to secure income in the form of interest or dividends by investing in avenues like blue-chip stocks, mutual funds or government bonds.
Wealth creation is essential for individuals purposes like better quality of life, social status, future circumstances, debt repayments to fulfil needs, goals, desires and aspirations. Firms need to create wealth to gain the confidence of stakeholders like shareholders and creditors, for a better market standing, for tapping expansion opportunities and for resilience during bearish market conditions. Nations need wealth to support the economy from headwinds like inflationary pressure, health crises like a pandemic, unemployment, etc. At a global level, a country's wealth is seen as an indicator of its power and ability to influence decision making on various international matters.
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In economics, wealth is a person's, household's, or country's net worth - that is, the value of all assets held minus all liabilities payable at a given moment in time. It is to note that The terms "wealth" and "income" are used in economics to differentiate between the two. A nations gold reserves at a point in time are its wealth, while its national healthcare expenditure is a flow variable measured quarterly or annually or over a period of time.
Personal wealth is the overall worth of a person's assets and belongings, in the form of savings, investments, cash or real estate, minus the debt. It is frequently computed to get a sense of a person's financial well-being, to assist with financial management, or to assess the size of an inheritance. Personal wealth is often calculated by calculating three areas: first, liquid assets, which are defined as readily available money or anything that can be sold or redeemed for money fast; second, the value of belongings, which are described as anything that cannot be rapidly swapped for money; and third, any outstanding debts