3 Financial Ratios For Investors – Current Ratio, Debt to Equity Ratio & PEG

To fully understand the financial position of a company it is very important for an investor to know the liquidity position, financial leverage, and valuation of the company. Below mentioned ratios are very helpful in doing the fundamental analysis of the company.

Current Ratio

The current ratio measures the company’s ability to pay its short-term obligation by comparing its current assets and current liabilities. It is computed as follows:

Current Ratio = Current Assets / Current Liabilities

Current assets are those assets which can be converted into cash with a span of 1-year like cash, accounts receivable, inventory, etc. Current liabilities are those liabilities which are having a maturity date of less than one year like accrued expenses, taxes payable, notes payable, short-term creditors, etc.

If a company is having a current ratio less than one (<1), it means that the company is not having enough cash to pay off its short-term liabilities. On the other hand, if the current ratio is more than one (>1), it means that the company has decent liquidity position to pay off its short-term obligations. A current ratio is a useful tool in determining the liquidity of the company; however, one should not solely depend on this ratio to assess the solvency of the company.

Debt to Equity Ratio

A capital structure of the company consists of both equity and debt. Debt to Equity Ratio is generally used in accessing a company’s financial leverage by calculating the weight of the company’s total debt against the total shareholder’s equity. Debt to Equity Ratio is calculated by dividing the total debt of the company by its total shareholder’s equity. It is computed as follows:

Debt to Equity Ratio = Total Debt/ Total Shareholders’ Equity

Debt to Equity Ratio is an important ratio for accessing the creditworthiness of the company.  A higher Debt to Equity ratio of the company generally indicates the company has relatively higher debt as compared to its equity which means that the company is riskier. Similarly, if the Debt to Equity Ratio is low, it means that the company is less risky. A very low debt to equity ratio indicates the company is not fully utilizing its ability to borrowed debt.

Price/Earnings to Growth ratio (PEG ratio)

Price/Earnings to growth ratio (PEG ratio) of a company is calculated by dividing its price/earnings ratio (P/E ratio) by its percentage growth rate. Earnings per share, Current Price per Share and expected growth rate are the three main components of this ratio. It is computed as follows:

PEG Ratio = P/E ratio/ Expected growth rate

The price/earnings ratio which is an important component of Price/Earnings to Growth ratio is calculated by dividing the company’s stock price to the company’s earnings per share. P/E ratio is generally used to find out whether the stock is overvalued on undervalued. However, PEG ratio is considered more appropriate to find the valuation of the company as it takes into the account of the company’s expected growth rate to get the complete picture.


This website is a service of Kalkine Media Pty. Ltd. A.C.N. 629 651 672. The website has been prepared for informational purposes only and is not intended to be used as a complete source of information on any particular company. Kalkine Media does not in any way endorse or recommend individuals, products or services that may be discussed on this site. Our publications are NOT a solicitation or recommendation to buy, sell or hold. We are neither licensed nor qualified to provide investment advice.





Join Our Discussion

Start discussion with value Investors for ASX Stock Market Investment and Opinion.

6 Cannabis Stocks under Investor’s Limelight…

Cannabis companies that sell both medicinal weed and recreational pot. Marijuana stocks to look at. Marijuana mergers and acquisitions. Dispensary data analytics. Upcoming marijuana IPO’s Those phrases have become increasingly common as marijuana legalization spreads.

Global spending on legal cannabis is expected to grow 230% to $32 billion in 2020 as compared to $9.5 in 2017, according to Arcview Market Research and BDS Analytics. As of June 29, 2018 the United States Marijuana Index, despite a lot of uncertainty around regulations, has over the past 1 year gained 71.49%, as compared to about 12% gain seen by the S&P 500.

Click here for your FREE Report