Bank of Korea ready to adjust tightening pace, hopes for terminal rate near 3.5%

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By Cynthia Kim


SEOUL (Reuters) -South Korea's central bank is ready to adjust its pace of policy tightening to achieve a soft landing in real estate and hopes the peak of its target rate in this cycle will be around 3.5%, its governor said at the Reuters NEXT conference on Wednesday.

Governor Rhee Chang-yong declined to say whether the Bank of Korea (BOK) could begin easing policy before the U.S. Federal Reserve did so. But he added that South Korean interest rates should not get too far below those of the United States, because of the risk of capital outflow.

"Together with growth slowdown, our board will recalibrate the pace of the monetary policy tightening and then we will try to achieve soft landing of the housing prices," Rhee said in an interview. 

The BOK, which in August 2021 became one of the first major-economy central banks to begin raising interest rates, has lifted its benchmark short-term rate by a total of 275 basis points from a record low figure of 0.5%.

With the policy rate now at 3.25%, Rhee hopes it will not have to go much higher.

"So there are a lot of uncertainties, but if things go as expected we hope that we can probably - (the) terminal rate can be around 3.5%."

South Korean policymakers worry that their household sector is among the world's most indebted and is all the more susceptible to interest rate rises because of the prevalence of variable mortgage rates. Real estate prices are already falling.

Rhee stressed that domestic conditions, especially inflation and growth, remained the central bank board's priority in deciding the pace of interest rate rises, but he added that it "will definitely look at the impact from the U.S. Fed policy on our external sector."

"In some sense too wide (of a) gap between our rate and U.S. rate may not be desirable." The Fed's policy rate is currently 3.75% to 4.00%.

One of the biggest opportunities for South Korea's economy next year could come from eventual reopening of China from pandemic restrictions, Rhee said.

"Actually if China loosens zero-COVID policy and reopens their borders and economy that will be a tremendous stimulus for us. I hope that it can happen soon."

To view the Reuters NEXT conference live on Nov. 30 and Dec. 1, please click here.

(Reporting by Cynthia Kim, Choonsik Yoo and Jihoon Lee; Editing by Clarence Fernandez and Bradley Perrett)

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