- A well-diversified investment portfolio plays a critical part in any investor’s success.
- It is essential to know how to determine an asset allocation which matches your goals and risk appetite.
- Investors should also consider the tax implications of selling assets when rebalancing and readjusting their portfolios.
A well-diversified investment portfolio plays a critical part in any investor’s success. It is essential to know how to determine an asset allocation which matches your goals and risk appetite.
Thus, investors can build portfolios employing investment strategies by following a systematic approach.
Here we will discuss three ways to build a profitable investment portfolio:
Appropriate asset allocation
Before going ahead with portfolio building, it is vital to assess your financial goals. The five most important things to consider are – age, the time needed to grow investments, in-hand capital, future income needs and risk appetite.
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Future income requirements and risk tolerance are the two main factors largely determining how investors allocate investments in different asset classes. Investors must also know that higher returns come with higher risks. A young investor seeking higher returns can afford to take higher risks compared to a person nearing retirement.
In general, a person with higher risk-taking capacity would have a more aggressive portfolio. Such an investment portfolio would have a larger portion devoted to equities and less to bonds and other fixed-income securities.
Appropriate asset classes
There are a variety of strategies to divide a portfolio in appropriate asset classes.
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- You can choose stocks for the equity portion of your portfolio based on your risk appetite. The factors to consider include sector, market cap, and stock type.
- Coupon, maturity, bond type, and credit rating are the key things to note when picking bonds for the debt portion of your investment portfolio.
- Mutual funds allow investors to hold stocks and bonds that are professionally picked by fund managers. However, fund managers may charge a fee for managing mutual funds.
- Investors can also pick up exchange-traded funds (ETFs), which are passively managed funds. They provide cost savings over mutual funds while offering diversification.
It is critical to periodically analyse and rebalance your portfolio since price movement changes may impact initial weightings. Similarly, you should also re-assess your financial situations, risk appetite and future needs and adjust your portfolio accordingly. Finally, to rebalance the portfolio, you must determine which of your positions are overweighted and underweighted.
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Most importantly, investors should consider the tax implications of selling assets when rebalancing and readjusting their portfolios. For instance, your investment in growth stocks might have gained significantly in the near past, but if you were to sell all your equity positions to rebalance your portfolio, you might incur significant capital gains taxes. Thus, it is a must to be mindful of this aspect.
Another vital requirement is to maintain diversification throughout the portfolio building process. You must ensure that your holdings in a particular asset class are spread across various subclasses and industry sectors.
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