Corn prices in the United States have improved substantially amid high consumption projections.
The prices of U.S. Corn Futures (ZC) inched up from the level of US$335.50 (Day’s low on 13th May 2019) to the present level of US$414.62 (as on 28th May 2019 AEST 7:38 PM). The gain in corn (grain) prices inched during late May 2019, after marking a three consecutive monthly fall from the level of US$381.75 (high in February 2019).
As per the estimation of the United States Department of Agriculture, the corn production is estimated to increase for 2019 -2020 globally; however, the high production is expected to indemnify by the greater consumption driven by higher feed usage. The high feed usage comes from the growth in poultry production. Besides, non-feed usage is also expected to inch up.
The ending stock for the period 2019 to 2020 is expected to decline amid a shortfall in China, which would eventually offset the high production globally.
Global Corn Production and Consumption (Source: USDA)
The high production of corn is expected to get consumed as corn import in many countries would mark a surge.
Global Corn Trade Scenario
As per the estimation, China corn import would reach 7.0 million tons, up by 2.0 million tons as compared to previously projected level by the USDA amid high prices of corn in China’s domestic market, which would prompt China to look for more competitive prices.
As per USDA estimation, the import in Egypt is expected to inch up by 300,000 tons amid strong demand from poultry, dairy, and aquaculture; the final demand for the period of 2019 to 2020 is expected to stand at 10.0 million tons.
Iran corn import is expected to increase and stand at 10.5 million tons for 2019-2020, up by 1.0 million tons, as compared to the previously projected level amid high feed demand in the country.
Japan is estimated to mark an import of 15.6 million tons in 2019-2020, up by just 100,000 tons amid moderate growth in FSI use.
Kenya and Mexico are projected to increase their import by 1.1 and 1.0 million tons, respectively to stand at 1.3 million and 18.5 million, respectively.
Given Kenya’s inclination to import white corn, which is produced by Mexico, the trade between the two neighbours are likely to increase.
Corns imports in South Korea, Turkey, and Vietnam is also expected to increase slightly as compared to the previous projections.
Apart from high imports, few countries have ample supply, which, in turn, would decrease the import from these countries. European Union and Indonesia is among the top, where corn import is expected to reduce by 3.5 million and 400,000 tons.
On the export side, the United States is expected to supply 58.0 million tons of corn, unchanged as compared to the previous projection from the USDA amid high price competition from Argentina and Brazil where exporting supplies are abundant.
Argentina is expected to export 32.0 million tons from 2019 to 2020, up by 4.0 million tons, as compared to previous projection.
Brazil is expected to export 34.0 million tons, and Russia would export 4.5 million tons. Among the exporters, the United States remains the highest exporter, and as the demand is projected to inch up in the global market, it is supporting the corn prices in the United States.
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