Climate change is one of biggest and most serious issues that the world is facing today. This global phenomenon is driven by both natural as well as manmade factors, and it has devastating and far-reaching negative impacts on the planet. The increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have a direct and adverse impact on the environment, society and the economy, besides our cultural heritage.
According to UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s fourth assessment report, the UK Climate Impacts Program (UKCIP) states that manmade GHG emissions, not natural factors, have caused the majority of negative impact since the mid-20th century.
The direct impacts of climate change on historic assets may include rising sea levels and storms in coastal zones, which harms the archeology as well as the marine environment, extreme wetting and drying, which decays the historical buildings, increased rainfall, changes in hydrology and vegetation that can bury the archeological remains, changes in the distribution of pests and difficulty in growing authentic trees, and so on.