Wind power or wind energy is the utilization of wind to provide mechanical power by turning kinetic energy into electricity with the help of wind turbines. It is considered a very popular source of renewable energy because it has a comparatively less harmful impact on the environment than non-renewable energy and is more sustainable and viable in the long run.
A major example is the UK, which for the first time in 2016, recorded more wind power generation than coal. In 2018, it did more wind power generation than nuclear power generation, according to various reports. Although offshore wind farms are taller and larger and provide more energy as there is nothing around that can disrupt the wind flow, there are still disadvantages associated with them, including higher cost, expensive maintenance, susceptibility to damage due to high wind speed. Onshore wind power reaches over 7.25 million homes per year and fulfilled 9% of UK’s energy needs in 2017, according to a wind energy report by renewableUK. It also supports jobs and local economic growth.
The UK has an ambitious climate target of net zero emissions by 2050. Therefore, heavy investments are being made in onshore wind farms to improve performance, increase capacity, reduce cost and raise generation and productivity of energy. The UK has over 1,500 operational onshore wind farms, which contribute significantly to creating a low carbon economy at a lower cost. The onshore wind energy market has great potential in the UK.